Instructions

The modern application of an ancient practice, Micro-current, the first of two component parts which together have been proven, in humans and in horses, to restore full function to severely damaged structures, in a fraction of the accepted time and with a far better outcome.

Micro-current therapy (MCT)

The body uses very small amounts of current, measured in millionths of an ampere (an ampere is a measure of the movement of electrons past a certain point), to increase cell wall permeability, stimulate the critical protein production and promote ATP (natural biochemical energy) availability.  This helps to promote cellular healing and facilitates many metabolic processes.  This amount of current is smaller than needed to stimulate sensory nerves, so cannot be felt.

When soft tissue (skin, tendons, ligaments, bone) is damaged many of these functions cease to work, or to work properly.

By introducing these minute, cell specific currents of electricity from an external source (Microvet), thus mimicking the bodies endogenous "electrical circuitry", the healing process is both kick-started and accelerated.

The first step towards regenerative repair

A strict and formal rehabilitation and exercise regime

Tendon and ligament problems in horses are generally treated  - with no treatment!

These injuries traditionally lead to anything from 12 months to 18 months box rest before any attempt is made to exercise the horse.
Even then the probable outcome, particularly for the lesser accomplished competition horses, often means that a career threatening injury suddenly becomes a life ending injury.

With this technology a formal exercise and rehabilitation regime, as component 2, is introduced as a very early intervention - ideally within days of the injury occurring.

MICROVET - The Unit

The unit has 4 pre-set programmes. 

The electronic sequences within Programmes 1 and 2 perform identical functions.

The electronic sequences within Programmes 3 and 4 perform identical functions

Programmes 1 and 3 are pre-set for 30 minutes
Programmes 2 and 4 are pre-set for 6 hours, and consist automatically of alternate periods of 30 mins ON followed by 15 mins OFF

In general terms Programmes 1 and 2 are used.

  1. to rapidly disperse fluid and bruising
  2. to rapidly reduce swelling and inflammation
  3. to prepare optimum conditions for the effective use of Programmes 3 and 4
  4. to boost the immune system
  5. to cause a "relaxation" within the animal
  6. to reduce / eliminate pre-existing scar tissue
  7. prophylactically

In general terms Programmes 3 and 4 are used.

  1. to generate a proliferation of appropriate cells at the site of the damage.
  2. to provide the basis for regenerative healing, leaving little / no scar tissue.
  3. to reduce / eliminate pre-existing scar tissue.
  4. prophylactically

The leads which plug into the bottom of the unit perform identical functions, but act independently provided that no pads are touching when in use. The unit can be used with either 1 or both leads in. For the vast majority of applications you will have to use both.

If you follow the leads away from the unit you will notice that they divide into two, 1 green (+ive) and 1 white (-ive). To the ends of each of these leads (4) you will need to attach a large electrode pad.

The minute level of current generated by Programmes 1 - 4 is measured in millionths of an amp, and is therefore is sub-sensory.

The currents within the treatment programmes are those which have been found to perform particular functions within the body at cellular level.

By introducing them from an external source you are mimicking the bodies natural functions, both kick-starting and accelerating the healing process.

Any reaction is therefore as a consequence of what the body is doing, the treatment merely acting as a catalyst.

As a consequence, once the process starts it will continue even without the use of the Microvet

PLEASE NOTE:   It is very important that the batteries are working properly.

When they start to lose power, the select programme LED will start to flash. It’s then time for the batteries to be changed. I would strongly recommend that you use Duracell / the better known brand batteries

PLEASE NOTE: 
 It is vital that the pads make a good contact with the skin.

To facilitate this, the optimum is to closely shave hair from where the pads are to be positioned, and to maintain this throughout the period of use of Microvet.

The adhesive side of the pads will attract loose hair. At this, or at any stage, or when shaving is not an option, thoroughly work conductive gel into the area, and then position the pads

In every case, and once the pads are in the correct position, LIGHTLY bandage the leg sufficient to keep the pads in place, and to cover the electrical leads.

The unit itself can be:

  • placed under the bandage to the outside of the leg,
  • placed securely in the pouch and attached to the outside of the leg, above the knee, using the neoprene strap

When not in use store the pads on either side of the plastic tray provided. When removing the pads from either the skin or the tray, do so by pealing from the edge, not by pulling the lead.

Please ensure that the horse has access to drinking water at all times.

MICROCURRENT THERAPY   -   MICROVET

As explained earlier, Micro-current Therapy (MCT) - when it is used for the regeneration of soft tissue such as tendons, ligaments and bone - consists of two very distinct but equally necessary elements. One is of no benefit without the other.

The electrical sequences within the programmes in Microvet both “prepare the ground " ahead of the regenerative process, and then facilitate a proliferation of appropriate cells at the site of the injury.

This proliferation is usually a speedy process, but at this stage the mass of cells have no form nor structure, and could be likened to a bowl of tapioca. The area is in a particularly delicate state and any pressure will have a very damaging effect. This will particularly include squeezing to determine physical composition/conformity, or heat.

Also lateral pressure and so the following are to be totally avoided:

  • exercise using a horse walker
  • exercise or turnout on sand
  • exercise or turnout on soft ground
  • exercise or turnout on uneven ground   

This remains the case throughout the second element, the re-modelling period. This is a strict and formal exercise regime which encourage the cells to form into fibres, and thus re-establish the matrix that is the complicated structure of a tendon or ligament.

PAD PLACEMENTS   

The leads which plug into the bottom of the unit perform identical functions, but act independently provided that pads are not touching when in use.

The unit can be used with either 1 or both leads in. You will always have to use both. It is impractical to identify and describe all potential and possible pad placements.

HOWEVER THE FOLLOWING PRINCIPLE, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF PHASE ONE , IS ALWAYS RELEVANT

The paired electrodes need to be positioned, as far as is possible, such that the current running from the green to the white pad passes through the area of injury.

For example, a damaged Superior Digital Flexor Tendon (SDFT).

From one (either) of the leads from the bottom of the unit place the pad attached to the GREEN lead on the tendon BELOW the site of the injury
 - place the pad attached to the WHITE lead on the tendon  ABOVE the site of the injury

From the other lead from the bottom of the unit
 - place the pads either side of the tendon and level with the site of the injury
 - in such a position that they are both close to the tendon, BUT with the pads not touching

Once the pads are in position, whether you have closely shaven the pad area or used conductive gel (described earlier), hold them and the leads in position by using a very light bandage.
This has to be sufficient to retain the positioning of the pads and to cover and contain the leads,  but not so that it causes or retains any heat OR puts pressure at the site of the injury.

The Microvet unit can EITHER:

be incorporated into the bandage, to the outside of the leg and just below the knee

OR

be attached to the outside of the leg, just above the knee, using the pouch and strap provided

TREATMENT PROTOCOLS

The phases of treatment will have recommended days to be followed.
These are suggested as a result of experiences to date.
However, it must be borne in mind that the physiology of every horse differs, as it does in humans.

This variability may affect:
 - how soon the animal’s natural healing responses "kick in"
 - how long each phase will last.

IMPORTANT

Micro-current technology in no way diminishes or replaces the role of the Veterinary Surgeon or the Farrier.

Throughout the process the horse must continue to be fed a balanced diet, and must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

One major divergence from normal veterinary practise is the replacement of box rest with mobilisation at a very early stage - within days of the injury being sustained.

Full instructions for use for a variety of applications, including tendons/ ligaments, wounds, shin splints etc, are explained in the User Manual which is supplied with the MicroVet.